Weight lifting and stretching are useful at any age, but there are specific benefits for older adults.

With aging comes concerns about strength, balance, and mobility. But integrating resistance training and stretching into your routine can keep you feeling healthy and strong.

Not sure where to start? Read on for a primer on how aging affects your body and how movement can make a difference, plus a full-body workout and stretching routine that you can do at home.

How does aging impact our bodies?

Age may just be a number, but some physical changes do occur as we get older — and these can affect our health. They include:

Decreased range of motion

Notice that your shoulders, hips, or knees don’t move as well as they used to? As you age, your rental medical beds range of motion — the full movement potential of a joint — decreases due to changes in connective tissue, arthritis, loss of muscle mass, and more.

By how much?

In a study published in the Journal of Aging Research, researchers analyzed shoulder abduction and hip flexion flexibility in adults ages 55–86.

They found a decrease in flexibility of the shoulder and hip joints by approximately 6 degrees per decade across the study participants, but also noted that in generally healthy older adults, the age-related loss of flexibility does not significantly impact daily life (1Trusted SourceTrusted SourceTrusted Source).

Strength loss

Declining strength is another hallmark of aging.

Older research found that muscle mass decreases by approximately 3-8% per decade after age 30, and this rate increases after age 60 (2Trusted SourceTrusted SourceTrusted Source).

More current research found the rate of muscle atrophy was closer to 1% per year after age 50, which has an exponential (continually increasing) effect when considered over time (3).

This phenomenon is known as sarcopenia — a loss of muscle mass and function as we get older. This decrease in muscle mass comes from several factors, including:

hormonal changes

declines in activity

an unbalanced diet that’s low in calories and protein

Sarcopenia is strongly related to falls and overall frailty, so it’s an important factor to address as you get older.

Decreased balance

If your balance isn’t what it used to be, there’s an explanation for that as well.

You maintain your balance using:

your eyesight

your vestibular system (structures in the inner ear)

feedback from joints in the spine, ankles and knees

These systems send signals to your brain to help your body maintain its balance as you move about your day.

As you age, however, these signals aren’t communicated as effectively. Your eyesight gets worse, your cognitive abilities start to decline, and your joints become less mobile.

Summary

Although you may feel young at heart, aging affects you physically in many ways, including decreased range of motion, loss of strength, and loss of balance.

The importance of strength training as we age